Galapagos Islands – Fact and Travel Tips

About Galapagos Islands 

  • The Galapagos Islands were declared National Park by the Ecuadorian government in 1959.
  • 6’937 sq.km, about 87% of the island territory are protected and carefully managed.
  • Visits are allowed only to about 50 sites, in addition to the islands’ few towns: Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, Puerto Ayora and Puerto Villamil.
  • The UNESCO declared Galapagos as a World Natural Heritage Site in 1978 and a World Biosphere Reserve in 1985.
  • The Charles Darwin Station in Santa Cruz is leading and coordinating all activities and efforts to preserve the ecosystem of the area and developing educational and conservation projects.
  • The interior waters of the Galapagos Islands, plus those within 40 nautical miles measured from the baseline of the Archipelago, were declared the Galapagos Marine Reserve on 1994. This is the only protected coastal marine area in the east Pacific, and the second largest Marine Reserve in the World. It holds approximately133,000 sq.km , including 50,129 sq.km of the interior waters of the Archipelago.
  • There are many areas with small submarine volcanoes, which are important feeding zones for marine birds and mammals. The submarine area of Galapagos (from 0 to 200 mt deep) is of 6,700 sq .km.
  • Climate Although directly on the equator the climate is not tropical all year as one would expect. From January to May the climate is typically tropical: deep blue sky, hot but pleasant air temperatures, and occasional short downpours which dive the islands in a vivid green, – but from June to August it is rather cool and misty and the vegetation dries up, even the succulent palo santo tree drops his leaves. The average temperature on the Galapagos Islands is 23C (16-30C).

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